Late Summer Crops Doing Very Well

Written by Paul on August 25th, 2016

I decided to try two new plants this year, sweet potatoes and collard greens. I always thought of them as southern crops but they apparently do very well here in Massachusetts. Before planting the sweet potatoes, I dug a trench on the south facing slope of the garden and replaced the high clay soil with a loam/sand/compost mix. This is the preferred soil for sweet potatoes so we’ll see how they do. Sweet potatoes are a better alternative to regular potatoes which they are not really closely related.

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Collards are a member of the brassica family like kale, cabbage and broccoli and like them full of health benefits. Apparently, conventional production results in pesticide contamination and while not in the worse category levels are high enough to be of concern. We use no pesticides or chemical fertilizers. Our leafy vegetable might have some insect damage but its because the benefits of allowing for an ecological web far outweigh the disadvantages of becoming a slave to the toxic chemical paradigm.

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Most of this Kale (red Russian) was self seeded last year when I was trying to see if I could get a second year out of the kale plants that survived the previous winter.

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Turkey Family Passing Through the Corn and Eating Weed Seeds

Written by Paul on August 25th, 2016

 

TurkeyMomKidHere is a family of turkeys in late August that decided to past through the farm.  The link below shows them in the small patch of corn. Its interesting to watch as they strip the weed seeds off the plants. Like chickens, they are able to eat seeds directly because  they have a crop at the base of their necks where the food is held until it passed to the gizzard where they keep small pebbles to grind up the material they eat. Humans and most mammals can’t eat seeds directly. That is why we grind them in a mill.

 

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Breakneck Hill Farm Donates Food to the Urban Farm Institute

Written by Paul on August 21st, 2016

As part of our continuing evolution, I harvested and delivered kale, Lettuce, tomatoes and squash to the folks of the Urban Farm Institute at the Mattapan square Farmers Market. The farmers market brings fresh organically grown produce much of it grown right up Blue Hill Ave at the space provided by the Sportsman Club, to a population which would not have access. The produce is priced well below market rates to make it affordable to the residents who are primarily low income. After setting up the table we took a tour of the sites where UFI is currently growing food in Roxbury, Dorchester and Mattapan, including the site of their future headquarters, the recently acquired Clark-Fowler-Epstein house.

http://www.historicbostonblog.org/2014/09/hbi-to-acquire-mattapan-landmark.html#.V7mQUWXgDPE

I can say enough about the resourcefulness and dedication UFI shows in overcoming immense challenges. Even when space becomes available, it needs to be covered with 18 inches of soil to mitigate the potential hazards of toxins in the native soil. Each property requires grant writing and fund raising to  even begin work. Thanks to Nataka, Bobby, Apolo, Joe and Ronald for hosting me.

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The Urban Farm Institute trains people in the inner city to grow organic food, Pease consider making a donation:

https://urbanfarminginstitute.org

 

Urban Farming Institute Picks up the First of Hopefully a lot of Produce

Written by Paul on July 13th, 2016

Our partnership with the Urban Farm Institute took the next step. Ladawn Strickland and Apolo Catala came out to harvest some of our abundant produce. The produce which I donate will be sold at very affordable prices at two three farmers markets in Boston. I will be supplying produce every week through the summer and into the fall. Our partners are training young people to produce food at their urban farms in Boston and sell their healthy food to restaurants and farmers markets with the goal of creating businesses around the local production of food. Producing food in the city can be very challenging as property values are so high and many city soils are heavily contaminated with lead. The goal of this experiment besides providing healthy food to people who may not be able to access it, is to maximize food production on my 2.5 acres. This will not happen overnight as we are not so much challenged with toxic soil as the lack of soil. And soil building will be the number one focus for the next 5 years.20160711_113547

 

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The Urban Farm Institute is a non-profit formed to train young people to grow fresh, healthy food. The Move is a partner organization which organizes youth volunteers to connect with farms and healthy habits. Please consider donating to these organizations.

 

The Ever Expanding Garden

Written by Paul on July 4th, 2016

 

We’ve had some great weather for growing so far …… but only if you have water. Very dry through May and June. Permaculture systems temper the need for water but the garden beds definitely still need it for crops to thrive.

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Lots of stuff happening in the gardens, here are beets almost ready.

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There are a couple small zucchini starting, we’re expecting a big crop soon.

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Here’s more Zuccini with cucumber plants in front and sweet peppers behind.

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I thought I’d try sweet potatoes this summer, I planted 25 slips.

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Some lettuce just getting started.

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Bush beans here.

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Asparagus doing really well.

 

Breakneck Hill Farm Continues to Evolve

Written by Paul on July 1st, 2016

“..yet my mind was not at rest, because nothing was acted, and thoughts ran into me, that words and writings were all nothing, and must die, for action is the life of all, and if thou dost not act, thou dost nothing,”

Gerrard Winstanley 1649

Gerrard Winstanley was an activist in the wake of the English Civil War where King Charles I of England (the guy Charlestown is named after) lost his head (literally). Winstanley took a group of the poorest people to the common land on St Georges Hill where they built a small community and farmed the common land.

While many people talk and write about their beliefs, it means nothing if we don’t act. I have always believed that I must own my stay here on Earth and I must leave the parts I have control over better than when I found them. I must reduce my impact to this finite planet. And I must share with my community.

My original vision was for a larger farm but there are many examples of people raising significant amounts of food on just a few acres. That is my dream and goal. And it will include everyone who wants to be a part of it. I will reach out to communities where food security and quality are not taken for granted. As the Cow Fund finishes the process of dissolving, we will continue to disperse the funds generated from the sale of the last cows to hopefully help to inspire young farmers to look at how they can change the food system.

To this end, three organizations we are supporting that are making a difference in both Boston and Worcester. Over the course of the year you may see members at Breakneck Hill Farm helping with the management of the animals and the production and harvest of food.
Please consider making a donation to them.

Urban Farm Institute, Boston, https://urbanfarminginstitute.org

The Move, Boston, https://farmvolunteer.org/themoveteam/

YouthGROW, Worcester, http://www.recworcester.org/#!youth-grow/c1thu

Here are some pictures of the YouthGROW farm in Worcester.

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Thanks to everyone who has helped and supported this adventure.

Paul Bourdon

 

Cow Fund Donates Money and Beef

Written by Paul on April 24th, 2016

The Breakneck Hill Cow Fund made our first two donations as we close down operations. The two non-profit organizations receiving the $2000 donations were both hosted by the Cow Fund at Breakneck Hill Farm in 2015. The Urban Farm Institute who came out to Southborough twice last year, trains young people in urban sustainable farm methods. They run a number of small scale (less than an acre) farms in Boston. They will put the money to work on farm supplies. The Cow Fund also donated a cow to them. The beef will be distributed to underserved residents of the Roxbury community. The second organization, The Move also trains young people by taking large groups from inner city Boston to farms to help out with various projects. They came out in October with a group of about 40 and with the help of Cow Fund volunteers we ran a number of different projects. Their major expense is a bus to transport such a large number. We plan to continue and expand the relationship with both organization at Breakneck Hill Farm. While activities on the conservation land will be limited to the orchard, production at Breakneck Hill Farm will be intensified and all the extra food produced will be donated to the Urban Farm Institute.

Two members of the Urban Farm Institute picking up the beef of the donated Cow Fund cow.

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Propagating Comfrey

Written by Paul on March 31st, 2016

My Comfrey has grown two seasons now. Last season it was huge and its time to propagate it. The front yard where I want to graze the cows has struggled to grow much of anything. The soil is heavy with clay and appears low in organic matter. My goal is to build soil here and grow forage so that the cows can graze periodically here. So this is a great place to set up a comfrey patch where the cow will be able to graze once its established.

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This is a single plant dug out of the garden.

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I cut small “chunks” of root but also some with the sprouting plants like this.

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And planted

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Seeding the Cow Paddock

Written by Paul on March 25th, 2016

The cattle herd has been pretty tough on their winter quarters, basically tilling it. Bare ground presents so many problems to sustainability, erosion, loss of carbon and evaporation just to name a few. With the herd reduced and needing less space and the spring weather coming early it was time to seed part of the cow’s paddock. I am hoping to get the pigs in here this year and decided to plant barley. While it would be nice to harvest the barley it is more useful as a forage. The cows and pigs will be happy to grazing on it. Barley is an early germinating grain, meaning it will germinate when the ground is still fairly cool. It is also fast growing so I’m hoping to get the cows and pigs in here in May. With the ground already prepped by the cows it was a matter of simply broadcasting the seed and figuring a way to harrow it in. As it turns out I happen to have the front part of a 19th century spike harrow which works great as a human powered harrow. It was heavy enough to turn the seed in enough to cover most of it.

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This shot shows the harrowed ground on the right.

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The seeds on the right have been harrowed.

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The goal is to eventually keep this paddock covered in forage plants. That will require exceeding the animals from most of the paddock during the winter.

 

Can’t Have Too Much Compost

Written by Paul on March 20th, 2016

Compost is the life blood of an organic farm. If your going to grow annual crops, compost is vital to supply the nutrients they will need. I am not sure I will ever entirely give up on annuals as I move towards a regenerative permaculture systems. I have been using the manure from the cows, pigs and chickens all winter in compost bins and layering under sheet mulch but this weekend I really decided to make compost a priority. I built and filled 4 compost bins, like the one pictured, out of pallets and filled them alternating between layers of manure, waste hay and a loam/sand mix. I have been trying to minimize inputs but because we have so little soil here, I felt it necessary to bring in 6 yards of loam. The sand should help to offset the heavy clay soil we do have here. These compost bins create a four foot square which should allow the compost to heat up to about 160 degrees F. This allows thermophilic bacteria to take over the process, rapidly breaking down the complex molecules into ones that can be more easily used by plants. Also by transforming volatile compounds into living organisms those nutrients that might be easily lost to the air or water cycle are captured and held in the soil and released as these organisms die and decompose.

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